Ittigen is a commune in the Bern-Mittelland administrative district in the canton (member states) of Bern in Switzerland. The commune was established in 1983, when Ittigen and Ostermundigen (which is another nearby commune) were separated from Bolligen and the two became sovereign municipalities. The name 'Ittigen' is derived from the Alemannic German which means 'at the people of Ito', and it first appeared as 'Yttigen' in print in the year 1318. Eight years later, it was then stated as 'villa de Ittigen'.
Evidence of prehistoric communities have been found in Wydacker, Papiermühle neighborhood, Worblaufen and Neuhaus. Farming villages of Worblaufen and Ittigen were established on terraces in the low mountains on top of the valley, and they used the broad farmable land for individual fields. In 1466, a paper mill opened in Papiermühle, which was then followed by the creation of an inn and a toll house. During the 17th and 18th centuries, agricultural small towns concentrated on providing vegetables, fruits and hay for the markets near the city of Bern. In the 19th century, agriculture was still substantial, and many residents found work through small workshops and the local cottage industry. Two factories opened in the following years, a pasta factory in 1831 and a chocolate factory in 1917.
Ittigen is located in the Worblen valley on a terrace on the Mannenberg in the urban agglomeration of Bern. The commune has a total area of 4.21 km2: 2.54 km2 for settlement, 0.04 km2 for rivers and lakes, 1.03 km2 for agriculture, and 0.6 km2 for forested lands. Industrial buildings comprise 5 percent of the built up area, housing and buildings make up 33.7 percent, and transportation foundation constitute 18.5 percent.
For the forested land, 12.4 percent of the overall area is heavily forested and 1.9 percent is filled with small tree clusters and fruit farms. For the agricultural land, 18.5 percent is utilized for crops and 5.5 percent for pastures. Special developed regions comprise 1.4 percent of the area, while sports fields and green belts make up 1.7 percent.
Ittigen's Education, Economy And Politics:
Around 42.9 percent of the population have already completed the non-mandatory upper secondary education. 15.6 percent have finished the additional higher education which comprise of Swiss men, women and foreigners. As of the year 2000, 329 local students attended schools outside of Ittigen, and 321 students came from another commune.
In 2008, 8,976 people were employed in a total of 473 businesses. Out of this population, 19 were employed in the primary economic sector with 4 businesses, 867 were working on the secondary sector with 82 businesses, and 8,090 were employed in the tertiary sector with 387 businesses. The commune had an unemployment rate of 2.61 percent as of the year 2011.
During the federal election in 2011, the most famous party was the SVP (Swiss People's Party) which garnered 22.7 percent of the vote. Other parties were the SPS (Social Democratic Party of Switzerland) which received 19.1 percent, the BDP (Swiss Party of Labour) with 15.2 percent, and finally the FDP (FDP.The Liberals) with 14.6 percent. Nearly 3,700 votes were cast in total, with a voter turnout of 47.8 percent.